By 1952, two years before the constitution was enacted, the Marriage Law was already in place. All the discriminatory customs imposed on women — most significantly, polygyny, foot binding and female infanticide — were declared illegal by this and other legislation. Meanwhile, women were encouraged to participate in political life as well as to work outside the home.
Female membership in the CCP increased steadily and peaked in the mid-1970s. In 1949, women accounted for 11.9 percent of the CCP membership. By 1976, this figure had increased to 13.5 percent. The increase in female membership was especially notable in the countryside, rising from 8.5 percent in 1949 to 13.2 percent in 1976. In 1973, the number of female members in the CCP’s central committee reached a record high of 17 percent.
Along with the campaign to create the New Socialist Man, the CCP emphasised a new ideal of womanhood in the figure of the New Socialist Woman."
Read article by East Asia Forum from Economy Watch.